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Spring MVC 3.1 之后如何配置messageConverters

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摘自:http://blog.csdn.net/yfisaboy/article/details/31755631

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<mvc:annotation-driven /> 是一种简写形式,完全可以手动配置替代这种简写形式,简写形式可以让初学都快速应用默认配置方案。<mvc:annotation-driven /> 会自动注册DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping与AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter 两个bean,是spring MVC为@Controllers分发请求所必须的。

这句话我在很多帖子都看到过,我自己的项目本身使用的Spring MVC 3.2,实际上在3.1之后,<mvc:annotation-driven />注册的类发生了变化

 

Spring Framework 3.1 introduces a new set of support classes for processing requests with annotated controllers:

  • RequestMappingHandlerMapping
  • RequestMappingHandlerAdapter
  • ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver

These classes are a replacement for the existing:

  • DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping
  • AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter
  • AnnotationMethodHandlerExceptionResolver
< ?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans


http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc


http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">

    <mvc:annotation -driven />

</beans>

The above registers a RequestMappingHandlerMapping, a RequestMappingHandlerAdapter, and an ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver (among others) in support of processing requests with annotated controller methods using annotations such as @RequestMapping @ExceptionHandler, and others.

 

It also enables the following:

  1. Spring 3 style type conversion through a ConversionService instance in addition to the JavaBeans PropertyEditors used for Data Binding.
  2. Support for formatting Number fields using the @NumberFormat annotation through the ConversionService.
  3. Support for formatting Date, Calendar, Long, and Joda Time fields using the @DateTimeFormat annotation.
  4. Support for validating @Controller inputs with @Valid, if a JSR-303 Provider is present on the classpath.
  5. HttpMessageConverter support for @RequestBody method parameters and @ResponseBody method return values from @RequestMapping or @ExceptionHandler methods.

    This is the complete list of HttpMessageConverters set up by mvc:annotation-driven:

    • ByteArrayHttpMessageConverter converts byte arrays.
    • StringHttpMessageConverter converts strings.
    • ResourceHttpMessageConverter converts to/from org.springframework.core.io.Resource for all media types.
    • SourceHttpMessageConverter converts to/from a javax.xml.transform.Source.
    • FormHttpMessageConverter converts form data to/from a MultiValueMap<String, String>.
    • Jaxb2RootElementHttpMessageConverter converts Java objects to/from XML — added if JAXB2 is present on the classpath.
    • MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter (or MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter) converts to/from JSON — added if Jackson 2 (or Jackson) is present on the classpath.
    • AtomFeedHttpMessageConverter converts Atom feeds — added if Rome is present on the classpath.
    • RssChannelHttpMessageConverter converts RSS feeds — added if Rome is present on the classpath.

这是摘取的官方文档,可以看出,注册的类已经变成了RequestMappingHandlerMapping和 RequestMappingHandlerAdapter。我之前在不知道的时候,使用AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter 进行配置,结果在有<mvc:annotation-driven />存在的情况下,我自己配置的AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter 怎么都不起作用,于是去掉了<mvc:annotation-driven />标签,手动注册了AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter ,和DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping。结果引发了其他问题,比如文件无法上传的问题。

 

阅读文档发现Spring提供了基于<mvc:annotation-driven />自定义messageConverters的方法,如下所示:

 

<mvc:annotation -driven conversion-service="conversionService">
    <mvc:message -converters>
        <bean class="org.example.MyHttpMessageConverter"/>
        <bean class="org.example.MyOtherHttpMessageConverter"/>
    </mvc:message>
</mvc:annotation>

下面展示我自己的配置

< ?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
	xmlns:jdbc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
	xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx


http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/context


http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop


http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc


http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc/spring-jdbc-3.2.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/util


http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-3.2.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc


http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.2.xsd">

	<!-- spring自动扫描注解的组件 -->
	<context:component -scan base-package="cn.xx.xx"
		use-default-filters="false">
		<context:include -filter expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"
			type="annotation" />
	</context:component>

	<mvc:annotation -driven>
		<mvc:message -converters>
			<ref bean="stringHttpMessageConverter" />
			<ref bean="fastJsonHttpMessageConverter" />
			<ref bean="marshallingHttpMessageConverter" />
		</mvc:message>
	</mvc:annotation>

	<bean id="stringHttpMessageConverter"
		class="org.springframework.http.converter.StringHttpMessageConverter">
		<constructor -arg value="UTF-8" index="0"></constructor><!-- 
			避免出现乱码 -->
		<property name="supportedMediaTypes">
			<list>
				<value>text/plain;charset=UTF-8</value>
			</list>
		</property>
	</bean>
	<bean id="fastJsonHttpMessageConverter"
		class="com.alibaba.fastjson.support.spring.FastJsonHttpMessageConverter">

		<property name="supportedMediaTypes">
			<list>
				<value>application/json;charset=UTF-8</value>
				<value>text/html;charset=UTF-8</value><!-- 避免IE出现下载JSON文件的情况 -->
			</list>
		</property>
		<property name="features">
			<util:list>
				<!-- <value>WriteMapNullValue -->
				<value>QuoteFieldNames</value>
				<value>WriteDateUseDateFormat</value>
			</util:list>
		</property>
	</bean>
	
	<bean id="marshallingHttpMessageConverter"
		class="org.springframework.http.converter.xml.MarshallingHttpMessageConverter">
		<property name="marshaller" ref="castorMarshaller" />
		<property name="unmarshaller" ref="castorMarshaller" />
		<property name="supportedMediaTypes">
			<list>
				<value>text/xml;charset=UTF-8</value>
				<value>application/xml;charset=UTF-8</value>
			</list>
		</property>
	</bean>

	<!-- 返回类型定义 -->
	<util:list id="messageConverters">
		<ref bean="stringHttpMessageConverter" />
		<ref bean="fastJsonHttpMessageConverter" />
		<ref bean="marshallingHttpMessageConverter" />
	</util:list>

	<bean id="castorMarshaller" class="org.springframework.oxm.castor.CastorMarshaller" />

	<!-- AOP自动注解功能 -->
	<aop:aspectj -autoproxy />

	<!-- 不进行拦截的 -->
	<mvc:resources location="/" mapping="/**/*.html" order="0" />
	<mvc:resources location="/images/" mapping="/images/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/img/" mapping="/img/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/download/" mapping="/download/**" />

	<mvc:resources location="/js/" mapping="/js/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/css/" mapping="/css/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/plugin/" mapping="/plugin/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/WEB-INF/pages/" mapping="/pages/**" />

	<bean id="messageSource"
		class="org.springframework.context.support.ResourceBundleMessageSource">
		<property name="basename" value="messages"></property>
	</bean>

	<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
		<property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/pages/" />
		<property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />

	</bean>

	<!-- 支持上传文件 -->
	<bean id="multipartResolver"
		class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver" />

	<!-- restTemplate -->
	<bean id="restTemplate" class="org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate">
		<property name="messageConverters" ref="messageConverters">
		</property>
	</bean>
</beans>

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